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What Is a Terpene?

What Is a Terpene?

If you have ever smelled a flower, used an essential oil, or taken a deep whiff of a Christmas tree, you have experienced terpenes. These oils are found in most forms of life, including plants. They are responsible for giving plants their aroma and color – and may have a host of beneficial properties as well.

Supercritical CO2 Extraction retains all terpenes in the oil.

Preliminary research indicates that many of the terpenes found in the hemp plant have an array of health benefits. Some promote relaxation and stress-relief, while others promote focus and acuity.  

When taken in combination with CBD, these terpenes may enhance and even multiply the effects of the plant.

If you prioritize natural health, full or broad spectrum CBD products, packed with terpenes, flavonoids, and other compounds, may greatly appeal to you.

Understanding Terpenes

Most forms of life, including plants and some animals, naturally produce terpenes, which are oils. They play a critical role for plants, attracting pollinators or even repelling predators. Some terpenes even plan a protective role for plants, helping to repair damage or protecting them from infectious germs.

In plants, terpenes are responsible for both smell and color. For example, the strong smell of fresh rosemary is due to a high concentration of terpenes. Flowers have a particularly high level of terpenes, which is why they tend to have brighter colors and stronger smells compared to other plants.

Many terpenes are considered bioactive, which means that they may have an effect on the body. For some terpenes, such as those used for essential oils, the impact is based on how a particular scent makes us feel. Terpenes have also been used to develop medications, such as steroids, which are derivatives of the plant terpene squalene

Many of us already consume terpenes on a regular basis. Terpenes are widely used to flavor food and drink products. If you’re a beer drinker, then you probably drink terpenes, which influence both the aroma and flavor of hops.

The hemp plant – a species of cannabis – is known for its particularly high concentration of terpenes. This accounts for the pungent smell of both hemp and its “cousin,” marijuana. Both hemp and marijuana contain high levels of terpenes, but hemp (the source of CBD) has extremely low levels of THC, the psychoactive ingredient in marijuana. As a result, you can obtain many of the same health and wellness benefits of CBD without feeling high or stoned (or worrying about failing a drug test).

Benefits of Terpenes

Exploring Beneficial Terpenes

Abundance and Research

  • Scientists have identified hundreds of different terpenes, with over 100 found in the cannabis plant alone.
  • Ongoing research has shown the potential benefits of many terpenes to humans.

Key Terpenes and Their Benefits

  • Myrcene:
    • Found in various plants, including wild thyme, hops, lemongrass, and cannabis, with potential benefits for glucose tolerance improvement and pain and inflammation alleviation in osteoarthritis.
  • Linalool:
    • A spicy, floral terpene found in over 200 plants, known for its sedative, antidepressant, and anticonvulsant effects, as well as its relaxing properties.
  • Caryophyllene:
    • Also known as beta-caryophyllene and found in various plants such as cloves, cannabis, and rosemary, with demonstrated benefits in alleviating pain, inflammation, anxiety, and depression. It is the only terpene known to bind directly to cannabinoid receptors in the human body.
  • Limonene:
    • Extracted from citrus fruit peels, with potential benefits in reducing inflammation, antioxidant effects, lowering cancer risk, and improving heart health. It is also associated with an elevated mood.
  • Pinene:
    • Found in the oils of coniferous trees and abundant in cannabis and rosemary, with potential antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and antiallergic properties.

Potential Benefits and Conclusion

  • Consuming plants high in terpenes can contribute to health and wellness, although there is still much to discover about their potential benefits.
  • The diverse effects of terpenes across various plants showcase the potential for enhancing overall well-being through their consumption.

Does CBD Contain Terpenes?

Understanding Terpenes, CBD, and Extraction Processes

Terpenes and CBD in Hemp

  • Both terpenes and CBD (cannabidiol) are found in the hemp plant.
  • Through the extraction process, both compounds are removed from the stems, flowers, and stalks of hemp.
  • The resulting oil contains terpenes, CBD, other cannabinoids, and flavonoids.

The Entourage Effect

  • Various types of terpenes are found in the hemp plant, with some of the most abundant ones being pinene, caryophyllene, linalool, limonene, and myrcene.
  • When combined with CBD, these terpenes may produce what is known as the entourage effect, enhancing the beneficial effects of CBD.
  • Studies have shown that consuming CBD along with terpenes and flavonoids can enhance the many existing benefits of CBD.

Categories of CBD Products

  • CBD products are categorized as full spectrum, broad spectrum, and CBD isolate.
  • Full spectrum CBD products contain all beneficial compounds found in the hemp plant, including cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, antioxidants, and other phytonutrients.
  • Raw full spectrum CBD products contain unheated/cold processed plant matter, offering additional benefits such as reducing pain and inflammation.

THC Content and Entourage Effect

  • Full spectrum CBD products contain trace amounts of THC (0.3% or less, per U.S. law), providing the entourage effect.
  • Broad spectrum CBD products offer the entourage effect without THC, as they contain all compounds except THC.
  • CBD isolate contains only CBD, devoid of the entourage effect.

Third-Party Lab Testing

  • Reputable CBD companies have their products tested by a third-party laboratory, and the lab reports are available online.
  • These reports contain data on the CBD content, information about the extraction process, and the presence of terpenes.

Supercritical CO2 Extraction

  • Supercritical CO2 Extraction retains all terpenes in the oil.
  • It is a fully recyclable, non-toxic, and eco-friendly method that involves CO2 passing through the hemp plant at a specific temperature and pressure.
  • This method is most common for full spectrum products, known for its lack of residue and the quality of the end product.

Buying High Quality, Terpene-Filled CBD Online

Flavorful, aromatic terpenes can really boost the benefits of CBD. If you’re interested in trying a full or broad spectrum CBD product to try the entourage effect for yourself, we are here to help.

At Green Wellness Life, we aren’t doctors and cannot diagnose or treat any condition. Instead, we offer the latest research and our own experience with CBD to help guide you as you purchase CBD. We only sell CBD that has been independently tested and that is made from industrial hemp grown right here in the United States.

Interested in learning more? Give us a call at 866-244-4223 (M-F, 9 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. EST), or fill out our online contact form for an after-hours appointment. You can also click the “chat” button to speak to someone!

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