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How to Grow Your Own Hemp at Home

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Since the COVID-19 pandemic hit the United States, do-it-yourself has become more popular than ever. Stuck at home for months on end, many Americans decided to try their hand at baking bread, home improvement projects, and even gardening. Some of these projects were a roaring success – and others were quickly relegated to the dustbin.

Given the popularity of CBD, you may be wondering whether you can grow your own hemp – and thus make your own CBD products – at home. The answer depends largely on where you live, as only 19 states allow individuals to grow cannabis plants for personal use. If you do live in one of these states, it is possible to grow your own hemp, either from seed or from plant cuttings.

Growing Hemp at Home

If you have decided to grow hemp at home, the next step is to learn how to do it. Most farmers grow hemp plants from seed. You can also grow hemp from cuttings of mature hemp plants.

The Cannabis species is dioecious, which means that the male and female flowers grow separately, on male and female plants. When a hemp seed is germinated, the seeds will contain approximately 50% female and 50% male plants. You can also purchase “feminized seed” that will only produce female plants.

Farmers typically harvest hemp flowers from female plants, while both male and female plants can yield hemp fiber used in various products like rope and cloth. When a female plant is pollinated, it produces seeds (grain).

Hemp plants have four stages of growth: germination, seedling, vegetative, and flowering. If you plan to grow your hemp from seed, your process will start with germination. Remember: to be considered hemp, it must contain 0.3% or less THC, so choose your hemp seeds carefully.

Hemp Germination

To germinate your seeds you will need to follow the following steps:

  1. Soak the seeds in water for 8 to 12 hours; and
  2. Plant the soaked seeds 1 inch deep in a seed starting mix. 

To successfully germinate hemp seeds, the soil should be kept at a temperature of between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit, which can be maintained using a seedling heat mat and thermostat. Using a humidity dome for the first week or two can keep the humidity at an ideal range of 65 to 70%. Grow lights should be kept on for 18 to 24 hours per day, and a nitrogen-rich fertilizer should be used to water or mist seedlings. 

Caring For Hemp Seedlings

Once the seedlings have rooted to the bottom of the container, they can be transplanted to a 4 to 5 inch container. When these seedlings have rooted to the bottom of this container, they can then be transplanted to a larger container or fabric grow bag.

Growing Vegetative Hemp

At this stage, the vegetative hemp transplants should be kept at a slightly higher temperature of 60 to 80 degrees F, and at humidity levels of 40 to 70%. Water the plants consistently so that the root zone stays moist, but not soggy. Grow lights should remain on for 18 to 24 hours per day, which will encourage more leafy growth and keep them in a vegetative (non-flowering) state. The plants should be fed weekly with a natural fertilizer.

Growing Flowering Hemp

After the hemp plant grows in the vegetative state for 30 to 60 days, you can then trigger them to flower by changing the lighting to 12 hours on/12 hours off per day. During this time, make sure that air circulates around the plants and that humidity is between 40 and 50%. Do not over-water the plants, and switch to a fertilizer that has nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium for weekly feedings.

Most farmers grow hemp plants indoors, where the temperature, humidity, moisture, and other factors can be more readily controlled. The best way to grow hemp is to use a grow tent, which will keep plants isolated in a controlled environment. You can buy grow tent kits that will have everything you need to start growing. 

If you want your plants to grow outside, they can be moved outside once they reach the flowering stage. You shouldn’t transplant a hemp plant outside until after the last frost, or when soil temperatures are over 50 degrees F.

There are typically strict limits on the number of hemp plants that you can grow at home. However many plants you have, you can still harvest the CBD-rich flowers, the stalks and stems for fibers, and the hemp seeds. By hulling the hemp seeds, you can then consume the healthy hemp hearts contained inside.

Hemp is a perennial plant, which means that it will come back year after year. In other words, the work that you put into growing hemp now can ensure successful hemp crops for years to come!

In 2018, the Farm Bill legalized the production of industrial hemp in the United States. Under this law, hemp is considered an agricultural product rather than a controlled substance. To be considered hemp (as opposed to marijuana), the plant must have less than 0.3% THC (the psychoactive substance in marijuana).

Hemp and marijuana are both members of the cannabis species. The two plants share much of the same characteristics, including beneficial compounds like cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenes. The main difference between the two is that hemp plants have high levels of cannabidiol (CBD) and relatively low levels of THC, while marijuana plants have much higher levels of THC (up to 30%).

Under federal law, it is legal to grow hemp in all 50 states. However, the Farm Bill only set up a framework for the commercial or industrial production of hemp. Under this law, hemp producers must seek a permit from their state, tribal authority, or the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 

The Farm Bill does not contain any provisions for residential production of hemp. As such, your ability to grow hemp at home depends on where you live. While most states have a program for the industrial production of hemp, only 19 states allow individuals to grow hemp at home:

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Hawaii
  • Illinois
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nevada
  • New Mexico
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont
  • Washington
  • Washington, D.C.

Importantly, the laws for each state vary considerably, so it is important to check your state and local laws before starting your hemp-growing project. These laws primarily targeted marijuana, often imposing limits on the number of cannabis plants individuals can grow.  Many states only permit home growing under certain circumstances.

The Benefits Of Growing Hemp at Home

Benefits of Home Hemp Cultivation

Discover the advantages of growing hemp at home, including control over quality and the satisfaction of cultivating your own plants.

Harvesting Hemp Seeds

While you may not produce enough hemp for CBD extraction or fiber processing, you can still harvest hemp seeds rich in nutrients for use in smoothies and salads.

Considerations for Home Cultivation

Understand the time, labor, and financial investment required for growing and harvesting hemp, including post-harvest processing such as seed threshing.

Immediate Access to Quality Hemp Products

If home cultivation isn’t for you, explore Green Wellness Life’s range of independently tested CBD products, ensuring high quality and purity.

Trusted CBD Products

Shop confidently with Green Wellness Life, offering third-party tested CBD products made from USA-grown industrial hemp for your health and well-being.

Your Source for Hemp and CBD Products

Although hemp has been grown for thousands of years throughout the world, we are just beginning to understand its full potential. One of the main components of hemp, CBD, may help you improve your health. The easiest way to take advantage of these benefits is by purchasing CBD products from a reputable company.

At Green Wellness Life, we aren’t doctors and cannot diagnose or treat any medical condition. We offer our insights and experience with CBD, backed by the latest research. Our company exclusively sells independently tested CBD products sourced from US-grown industrial hemp.

If you’d like to learn more or need help choosing a product, we are here for you. Give us a call at 866-244-4223 (Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m., EST), or fill out our online contact form. You can also click the “live chat” button to speak to someone.

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